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How Kabila's election strategy opened in Congo • A foreign desk

Giulia Paravicini, David Lewis and Aaron Ross

KINSHASA (Reuters) – Within the lush botanical garden of Kinshasa, the stage celebrates the election of a person Joseph Kabila had chosen to exchange him as President of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary's face grew from yellow and blue banners, some of which have been the phrase "Shadary President". Soda bottles have been immersed in a nook when Kabila's ruling coalition responded to the results of that day's election in a nearby lodge.

Instantly 30.12.

When the observers and hundreds of digital voting machines have been illuminated, it turned clear to Kabila camp that opposition chief Martin Fayulu had gained a decisive margin, diplomats and Congolese sources who knew the events instantly.

The Kabila staff started discussions about whether the engineer would win for Shadary, the previous Interior Minister, or to lubricate a special opposition candidate who might be prepared to protect the political and economic interests of Kabila and his companions, from sources.

A week later, the Election Commission announced that Felix Tshisekedi had chosen. Fayulu stated he was a sufferer of fraud, and the Catholic Church, which had a 40,000-strong election statement workforce, rejected the official end result

for Aides Kabila, who followed his father in 2001, and Tshisekedi denied any change in the election outcomes, in addition to the control of the poll. Director of the Fee

"The results are the ones we announced," stated Corneille Nanga, Chairman of the Nationwide Unbiased Election Commission. "The rest are politics and unnecessary speculation."

The Kabila Adviser Barnabe Kikaya Bin Karubi rejected the allegations of "plain speculation" and Jean-Pierre Kambila, vice chairman of Kabila, denied the presidential camp ever thought-about making an attempt to vote for Shadary.

"This is pure imagination," he stated. "These are (accusations) people who have lost and do not want to accept reality."

However the source of the Congo, who was in direct contact with high-level officers and members of the electoral commission through the dialog, stated: Reuters Kabila and his counselor shortly realized that the sport was up.

"Shadary's defeat was so blatant that even the most advanced rigging did not turn the results into good," he stated. Plan B starts: President of Felix. "


Kabila's assistants feared that the Shadary victory could arouse violent opposition from opposition supporters in Kinshasa, the capital and several parts of Congo

The Tshisekedi victory would be more likely to gain international acceptance and could help keep

Voting rounds are the so-called new elections in Congo Foreign powers have ignored alleged abuses in the past to ensure relative stability in a country where two wars in the 1990s and early 2000s were sucked into other regional armies [19659018]. A long-term vote, which was supposed to lead to the first democratic transition of the Congo for 59 years during its independence, may degenerate into a new street fight or regional conflict. held an emergency meeting in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia, on Thursday to discuss the elections. The African Union insisted on postponing the final results by referring to "critical doubts" about their credibility. The Congolese government, however, rejected the request on Friday

The US government, which has already sanctioned several Kabila senior officials, has said it is responsible for undermining the democratic process.

Fayulu, supported by Kabila's two toughest political rivals, Jean-Pierre Bemba and Moise Katumbi – have called a "coup d'état" and appealed to the Constitutional Court. The court was expected to decide on Saturday.

A member of the Fayulu camp shared with Reuters the figures he said had spilled on the electoral commission's server and showed his candidate 59.4 percent of the vote, only under 19. which Reuters saw and was based on the results of its observers

. The figures are ready and Reuters could not independently verify them.


Since the 2006 and 2011 elections, the Congolese authorities have put forward electronic voting machines for the latest poll.

The opposition was afraid that the machines would be used to vote, but the government said it was a more efficient way of collecting and sending out 80 million people.

Voters chose their choice for devices such as iPads with SIM cards, which enabled the final connections to be handed over to the Kinshasa election organizers as soon as the polls were closed.

The government ordered Internet services that were cut on December 31st, saying that this was necessary to maintain public order after the "fictitious results" began to spread through social media.

But so far the figures had reached Kinshasa from most of the over 60,000 polling stations, the three Congolese sources, and the three diplomats reported by the electoral authorities.

The Kabila Coalition, a common interest in Congo, also had observers who recorded the results at individual polling stations and sent them by telephone, email or text message at Kinshasa Hotel.

In the early part of July 31, their figures showed Shadary to be severely losing to Fayul.

"He hits us in all places," one coalitionist wrote in a message he saw. "We don't manage the elections we lose. We will all the time cheat."

Two diplomatic sources said an election commission official told some foreign ambassadors in Kinshasa about Fayulu's victory within a few days of the vote, but said it was too dangerous for the body to report it.

Two other diplomats said that Commission officials informed them that Shadary had lost, but said they had not been informed of the winner.

"The federal government did not instantly abandon the Shadary choice. It will be very troublesome for the inhabitants to simply accept the Shadary victory," said the Kinshasa diplomat.

The agreement was reached and they said that Tshisekedi would be a president, Kabila would guarantee himself, his family, and his property, and his supporters would retain significant control over Parliament and financial and security equipment.


Tshisekedi and Kabila camps deny such an agreement

But Fayulu's supporters query how the Kabila coalition members gained over 70 % of the votes in provincial and nationwide elections when official incidents their candidates, Shadary, gained only 24% in the presidential vote.

The senior official's activity was to provide the electoral commission head Nanga a vote for Tshisekedi two Congolese authorities officers informed Reuters. Nanga advised Reuters that no one had pressed him to vary the results.

The Kabila loyalists, particularly in the army, didn’t belief Tshiseked and needed to designate Shadary as president. They raised considerations about Kabila's assistants at a gathering on 9 January earlier than the official results have been revealed on 10.1. Within the early days, a businessman with access to the presidency stated, and a Western security officer contacted the Congolese army.

They stated that Kabila's assistants assured the loyalists who they maintained and that their pursuits can be protected.

(David Lewis stories from Nairobi and Aaron Ross to Dakar; details by Ryan McNeill in London and Joori Roh in Seoul; edited by Alexandra Zavis and Timothy Heritage)

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